OO Problem Analysis  «Prev  Next»
Lesson 1

UML Sequence diagram

Encapsulation Revisited
The goal of problem analysis is to define the purpose and interface of every problem domain resource.
So far, you have determined the purpose by defining each class and the relationships between the classes in the class diagram. Now you need to add the interfaces. The primary tool for discovering and understanding interfaces is interaction diagrams.

Interaction Diagrams

The sequence and collaboration diagrams are used to model the interactions between objects. The sequence diagram illustrates the interaction between objects over time. The collaboration diagram illustrates the object interactions across the links between the objects.

Sequence Diagram

Object purpose and interfaces

In this module, the sequence diagram will be used as the primary tool.
Interactions help to define an object's purpose, that is, the ways that an object participates in tasks, how it talks and works with other objects, why the object is needed.
Interfaces are questions and requests that an object is able to respond to. If the problem statement says that an object must be able to answer a question or respond to a request, then the object must have a corresponding interface. Hence, interactions help to define

Operations and Attributes

An interface appears as an operation in a class definition. Operations describe what the object can do and what can be done to the object. Operations can receive, manipulate, and return information. This information appears in the class definition as attributes.
In this module, you will learn:
  1. The purpose and function of the interaction diagrams
  2. Sequence diagram notation (review only)
  3. The value of interactions for object modeling
  4. How to map use case scenarios to sequence diagrams
  5. How to discover and document operations from interactions
  6. How to discover and document attributes from operations